How do people adapt to living in a mountainous region?
In this lesson, students learn how people have adapted to the varied environments of the Andes Mountains. They read about the physical characteristics of four elevation zones— tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fría, and tierra helada—and learn how people have adapted to life in each zone. Afterward, they extend their learning by researching how people have adapted to living in other mountainous regions around the world.
• describe the physical characteristics of four elevation zones: tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fría, and tierra helada.
• identify ways in which people of the central Andes have adapted to life in each of the four elevation zones.
• analyze the impact of retreating mountain glaciers on people living in mountainous regions around the world.
Students will define and explain the importance of these key geographic terms:
altitudinal zonation, snow line, terracing, tree line, vertical trade, climate, atmosphere, temperate, plateau, Alpine