In this chapter, students acquire the basic map-reading skills they will need for success in this program. Working in pairs, students study maps in a Social Studies Skill Builder, learning the difference between absolute and relative location; locating major parallels and meridians; determining location with lines of latitude and longitude; measuring distance using scale; reviewing hemispheres, continents, and oceans; and learning about Earth-sun relations and the relative merits of various map projections.
• understand the difference between absolute and relative location.
• locate major parallels and meridians.
• use latitude and longitude to determine absolute location.
• measure distance using scale.
• identify continents and oceans for a given hemisphere.
• understand how Earth-sun relations cause seasons.
• understand the relative merits of five map projections (Mercator, Eckert IV, Robinson, Goode’s Homolosine, and Lambert Equal-Area).
• design a map with basic map components (title, legend, compass rose, grid system, scale).
Students will define and explain the importance of these key geographic terms: absolute location, distortion, map projection, relative location, equator, map grid, compass rose, meridian of longitude, parallel of latitude, cardinal directions